What Are the Pros and Cons of a Microwave: FDA Weighs In

Microwave ovens are universal in today’s modern world. A microwave in the kitchen is almost as essential as an oven for most folks. Microwave ovens are extremely versatile appliances.

It is highly convenient to cook in a microwave, as it is simple and incredibly fast. But microwaves produce harmful radiation and damage healthy nutrients if there is a weak or damaged seal.

What Are the Pros and Cons of a Microwave? Microwave ovens are safe, effective, and highly convenient cooking methods. But microwave radiation can cause burns and injuries if not well used or maintained.

According to the FDA  states to always use your microwave oven properly and preserve it as the user manual recommends.

 How Microwaves Cook

Microwaves produce waves that are electromagnetic radiation in nature. These waves cause water particles in the food to vibrate. The vibrations, in turn, produce the heat that cooks food.

That is why it is faster to cook foods like fresh vegetables or foods high in water content than other foods in the microwave.

Microwaves do not have the same threats as x-rays. They are a non-ionizing radiation.

According to World Health Organization (WHO), microwaving does not decrease the nutritional value of foods.

Microwave cooking is fast and nutritionally advantageous. Because microwaves can cook faster without adding water, cooking in a microwave may preserve more minerals and vitamins.

I suggest that you watch the following video that explains what you need to consider before you purchase a microwave:

Pros and Cons of a Convection Microwave Oven

Convection ovens, commonly known as combination ovens, normally multitask. They are suitable for use in a studio apartment or a space where a standard oven would not fit. 


  • Convection microwave ovens contain a microwave and an oven. They can bake and oven grill as well.
  • Convectional ovens are suitable, operational, and firm. They operate only for high-heat cooking, such as baking, pies, and pizza.
  • They are swift to heat up, with oven temperatures up to 240°C.
  • They are appropriate for a minor family. They can accommodate large pizza or a roast.
  • Convection microwaves are inexpensive to run than an oven. Use them to save on energy costs.


  • Due to their small voids, the microwave oven restricts cooking to one type of food at a time.
  • Most of them have stainless steel interiors and can be difficult to clean. 
  • Grilling and crisping are restricted for any meal that requires base cooking due to no bottom element.
  • They leave oil marks that are hard to remove, fatty food.
  • The oven cavity requires cleaning after each use to avoid stains that are difficult to remove. 

What To Look for in a Convection Microwave

  • Visible and a huge transparent window enables you to check your food as it cooks.
  • Look for clear, simple-to-use panels and noble directions on display.
  • Confirm there are not too many gaps inside the oven or the external area that can trap food and grease.
  • Look for smooth, easy-clean layers and avoid stainless steel exteriors. They are attractive but need extra care to keep them free from marks.
  • Check the size to ensure your packed plates will fit in the microwave.
  • Look for convection microwaves that have automatic functions. They will help you know the weight and type of food and automatically estimate the time required.
  • The convection oven has time adjustments that allow you to add or lower the automated time without cooking.
  • Conventional microwaves contain sensors that measure vapors released during cooking to regulate the cooking time.
  • They have programs with a multi-stage cooking feature. This feature can put in place a structure of functions, such as defrost and grilling.
  • Many convection microwaves have cooling fans for the interior after cooking. They can run for several minutes, particularly after using the microwave.

Ways To Use a Convection Microwave

A convection microwave is like having the best of both worlds: microwaving and convection cooking. I recommend the convection oven made by Cuisinart CMW-200 since it has a grill included. You can view it online on Amazon by clicking here.

Be cautious taking out cooked food from the microwave. Microwaved food can be extremely hot and may strike back onto your hand.

Use your oven gloves and remember to let the microwave cool before spring-cleaning the interior.

Evade using microwave cookware while still hot, as the heat may damage the cookware.

Here is a table that analyzes whether or not a Convection Microwave Oven is Worth it: Data from Actual Owners

Was Purchasing a Convection Microwave Oven Worth it?Percentage of total responses
It was worth it buying a convection oven because the kitchen did not heat up as much as with a regular oven32%
My conventional microwave oven was able to heat pizza slices without making them too moist. Microwaving pizza makes the pizza too runny. 11%
I like my convection microwave oven because if I am baking something in the regular oven that requires a constant temperature, I can use the convection function in the microwave to cook a second item at the same time.57%
data derived from various home appliance forums

Are Microwaves Necessary

Microwaves are so convenient, and they make our lives so much easier. Here are just a few reasons why microwave ovens are vital to have in your kitchen.

A super-fast way to get dinner on the table

You can also use a microwave to make a tender baked potato in eight to 10 minutes. You can also steam veggies in two minutes with little cleanup.

You can even use it to heat whole grains and healthy proteins. Not only does it get dinner on the table faster, but also it is great when it is too hot to think about turning on the oven.

They save your leftovers.

Microwaves are necessary if you hate cold leftovers. It is common to cook too much food during holiday feasts and store the leftovers to enjoy later.

Microwaves are the most appropriate appliance for these occasions. Microwave your leftovers in just a few seconds, and your food will taste just as delicious as it did the day before!

They save time on dishes.

Warming food on a stove involves a pot or a pan. You do not need such kitchenware if you use a microwave. This oven saves you loads of time on dishes, making it more convenient.

They are safe.

Microwaves are more efficient at retaining nutrients than other cooking methods. Especially roasting at high temperatures, something many of us feel safe doing in the oven.

Our cell phones expose us to more radiation each day than one or two sessions a day of easy microwave use.

They heat your food to the perfect temperature.

It is not easy to control the heat level with a stove. Stoves can result in too high a temperature for some foods. But if you use a microwave, you do not have to worry about this at all.

What you require is to choose how much time and the level of heat you want to expose your food. You can decide down to the last second. Cooking could not be easier with a microwave!

A microwave suits you if you have a busy life or find more convenient and proficient ways to cook. I recommend the microwave made by Black + Decker that has a turntable, click here to view it on Amazon.

Why You Should Never Use a Microwave

Microwaves are useful if you reheat leftovers or defrost meat for dinner. But, using them comes with a price.

Compared to other cooking methods, the quality of cooked food from a microwave varies greatly.

Microwaving larger pieces of food could take longer to penetrate. This process can result in unevenly cooked food.

Microwave radiation can expose heat to body tissue as it does to food. This contact with high levels of radiation can cause a tender injury.

The eye’s lens is subtle to intense heat. Too much contact with high altitudes of microwaves can cause cataracts.

The radiation, where particles gain or lose an electron through ionization, alters the molecular structure of the food.

Disadvantages of Microwave Radiation

The radiation microwaves emit danger. The use of plastic in a microwave is dangerous. When heated, the chemicals leach into the food, which is very harmful.

Being continuous exposure to microwave radiation leakage results in some health problems. Some of them like,

  • Change in heart rate
  • Blood count changes
  • Damage to vision
  • Skin burns

According to a  2015 study, the damaging effects of microwave radiation on the brain include brain dysfunction and structural brain damage.

Some studies state electrical events occur in the central nervous system. This process involves learning and memory, which are susceptible to electromagnetic radiation.

The study further mentions that scientists conducted a survey.  They found that microwave radiation could cause fatigue, pain, enthusiasm, nightmares, memory loss, and other symptoms.

Injury Risks and Background on Microwaves

Most injuries connected to microwaves result from burns from hot containers, inflamed foods, or explosion of fluids.

There have been very unusual radiation injury cases due to scarce conditions or inappropriate examining.

The cause of these injuries is exposure to great volumes of microwave radiation. The radiation leaks through openings such as cracks in the microwave oven covers.

However, FDA regulations emphasize that microwaves should inhibit these high-level radiation leaks.

Companies must verify that their microwave ovens observe the explicit FDA safety standards. These principles entail any radiation beneath the level that results in injuries.

Precautions To Avoid Danger From Microwaves:

Here are some important precautions to take while using microwave ovens.

Stand at a safe distance.

It is harmful to stand in front of the microwave while cooking. If the distance from the oven increases, then the effect of the radiation decreases. A safe distance to stand away from the oven is 2 inches away.

Proper Maintenance

There is a need to replace an oven if its age exceeds ten years. Proper maintenance will protect the oven from damage.

Damaged parts Replacement

The damaged parts are the main reason for the leakages in the oven. Therefore, it is better to replace the parts with new ones.

Maintain a proper protective metal shield

A protective metal sheet in the door will protect our eyes from the damage caused by the microwaves.

The gaps in the pane are small enough to safeguard the eyes from the reflection of the microwave.

Positive Effects of Microwave Radiation

The friction caused by radiation waves heats and cooks your food faster from the inside out.

According to this study, short-term contact with microwave radiation can decrease response periods. 

Microwave radiation can develop intellectual tasks, care, and short-term memory ability.

Microwave radiation can identify fast-moving cars, lead telephone, and television communications.

Businesses use microwave radiation to dry and cure plywood, cure elastic, and gums. Some use it to raise bread and doughnuts and prepare potato chips.

Using a microwave oven can prevent the loss of important vitamins and minerals in your food. Vitamin C and potassium are often lost in the liquid used to boil food.

Microwave ovens work quickly and save energy compared to other conventional cooking methods.

Is it OK to eat microwave food every day?

What microwaved food do you have every day?

If you are the kind to use the microwave every day, look closely at your food selections.  Are you heating vegetables in the microwave to cook faster?  Or are you consuming many frozen, processed foods?

Icy meals, pizzas, and other quick snacks can be high in calories and preservatives. You need to swap out some fresher alternatives if you are using the microwave to heat these types of food.

According to WHO, microwaves are harmless to use if you follow safety precautions. It would be best to use them according to the manufacturer’s guide instructions.

Tips on Safe Microwave Oven Operation

  • Follow the manufacturer’s instruction manual for use. The manual provides commended effective techniques and security precautions for your microwave model.
  • Remember to use the microwave-safe cookware made for use in the microwave oven. The FDA acclaims using glass, ceramic, and plastic dishes labeled for microwave use.
  • Do not function in a microwave oven when the door is open.  You should immediately stop using an oven if the door does not close firmly. It would help if you did not use a microwave that has a bent, warped, or otherwise damaged door.
  • Do not stand straight against an oven for a long time while working.
  • Do not heat fluids in the microwave oven longer than the suggested time. They sometimes explode, causing serious skin burns or searing injuries around people’s hands and faces.
  • Regularly clean the oven nook, the external edge of the nook, and the door with clean water and a mild cleanser.

Final Thoughts

Some people question their safety in the use of microwaves. However, microwaves are safe to heat food if you remember to check if your microwave is in perfect working order and that it is void of cracks especially along the door and the opening to the interior.

If you are using a microwave, especially every day, be cautious not to heat food up with plastic containers. Compounds in plastic can leach into food, which could be dangerous.

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Aron Blake

I am the lead copywriter on Homezesty and the Webmaster. I have a lot of experience in home renovations and the creation of style. I enjoy writing and sharing my tips on how to create the best living environment. My Linkedin Profile, My Twitter Account

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